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Preventing a Stroke

Before you even experience a STROKE you can be proactive about prevention

Use the information below to take steps to prevent stroke. If you are concerned you are at risk, or haven't had the necessary blood work to know your numbers, you should contact your doctor to schedule a physical and routine bloodwork.

Take charge of your health - Do you know if you have any of these risk factors for stroke?

  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Physical inactivity (obesity)
  • Smoking

Know your numbers

It is easy to tell if you are on your way to good health. Achieving these target numbers and lifestyle changes will reduce the chance of stroke, heart disease or diabetes.

Lipid Profile - A blood test that measures the different fats in the blood. These fats can cause blockages in the arteries. Goals:

  • Total Cholesterol = 180 or less
  • LDL (bad cholesterol) = 100 (70 or less if you have diabetes or cardiovascular disease]
  • HDL (good cholesterol) = 40 or more for men, 50 or more for women
  • Triglycerides = 150 or less

Blood Pressure - Systolic Pressure (heart beating) / Diastolic Pressure (heart resting) Goal: 130/80 or less

Blood Sugar - A fasting blood sugar (glucose) is a blood test to diagnose diabetes. Elevated blood sugar means diabetes. Goals:

  • Fasting Blood Sugar = less than 100
  • Hemoglobin A1C = 4.6%
  • Prediabetes if AIC is 6-6.4% or FBS is 100-125
  • Diabetes if AIC is 6.5% or higher or FBS>125

Body Mass Index - Body Mass Index (BMI), measures ideal body weight based on height or waist circumference.

BMI = (weight in pounds/height inches2) x 703


  • BMI Goal = 18.5 – 24.9
  • Waist Circumference: Men 40 inches or less, Women 35 inches or less

Control your numbers - The nice thing about your body is that it's under your control. If your numbers aren't where they should be, here's how to get them there.

  • Deflate the Weight - Excess weight puts extra work on the heart and body. It increases the chance of developing stroke, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, some cancers and breathing problems.
  • Be Active - Lack of physical activity causes weight gain, and increases your chances of diabetes and heart disease. Aim for: Non-stop physical activity 30 minutes for most days of the week and weight training or resistance training 15 minutes twice a week. Consult a physician before starting an exercise program.
  • Commit to Quit - Smoking is the leading preventable cause for heart and lung disease. The chemicals in cigarettes and other tobacco products are damaging to the arteries in the body and the lungs. Stop all tobacco products and avoid second hand smoke. For information on medications or nicotine replacement therapy, contact your physician. Learn more about how we can help you quit smoking.
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