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24-hour urinary aldosterone excretion rate
The 24-hour urinary aldosterone excretion rate test measures the amount of aldosterone removed in the urine in a day. Aldosterone is a hormone released by the adrenal gland that helps the kidney control salt and potassium balance.
See also: Blood aldosterone test
Aldosterone - urine
How the test is performed
A 24-hour urine sample is needed.
- On day 1, urinate into the toilet when you get up in the morning.
- Afterwards, collect all urine in a special container for the next 24 hours.
- On day 2, urinate into the container when you get up in the morning.
- Cap the container. Keep it in the refrigerator or a cool place during the collection period.
- Label the container with your name, the date, the time of completion, and return it as instructed.
For an infant, thoroughly wash the area around the urethra. Open a urine collection bag (a plastic bag with an adhesive paper on one end), and place it on the infant. For males, place the entire penis in the bag and attach the adhesive to the skin. For females, place the bag over the labia. Diaper as usual over the secured bag.
This procedure may take a couple of attempts -- lively infants can move the bag, causing the urine to be absorbed by the diaper. Check the infant frequently and change the bag after the infant has urinated into it. Drain the urine from the bag into the container provided by your health care provider.
Deliver it to the laboratory or your health care provider as soon as possible upon completion.
How to prepare for the test
Your health care provider may tell you to stop taking drugs that may interfere with the test.
- Drugs that can increase aldosterone measurements include lithium, spironolactone, and verapamil.
- Drugs that can decrease aldosterone measurements include ACE inhibitors, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, ranitidine, and propranolol.
Other factors that can affect aldosterone measurements include:
- High- or low-sodium diet
- Strenuous exercise
Avoid coffee, tea, and cola during urine collection. Your health care provider will usually recommend that you eat no more than 3 grams of salt (sodium) per day for at least 2 weeks before the test.
How the test will feel
The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.
Why the test is performed
The test is done to see how much aldosterone is released into your urine.
Results depend on:
- How much sodium is in your diet
- Whether your kidneys work properly
- The condition being diagnosed
Normal values vary from lab to lab. Talk to your doctor about your specific test results.
What abnormal results mean
Greater than normal levels of aldosterone may be due to:
- Abuse of diuretics ("water pills")
- Bilateral adrenal hyperplasia
- Conn's syndrome
- Heart failure
- Laxative abuse
Lower than normal levels may indicate Addison's disease.
What the risks are
There are no risks.
Young Jr WF. Endocrine hypertension. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 16.
Reviewed By: Nancy J. Rennert, MD, Chief of Endocrinology & Diabetes, Norwalk Hospital, Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.